It is that which you see before you– begin to reason about it and you at once fall into error.

- Huang Po, 9th Century CE

To know without knowing is best.

- Tao te Ching #71 (Le Guin version)

I am driven by paint’s malleability for my need to access the indefinable. I use brushes, knives and trowels to apply paint. To subtract I use squeegees, turpentine wipes and sandpaper. I often make my own paint to enhance the tinting strength of the colors.

Improvisation within a thematic framework is the foundation of my pictorial approach. The philosophical discipline in my studio practice is Shoshin, or ‘beginner’s mind.’ ‘…having an attitude of openness, eagerness, and lack of preconceptions when studying a subject, even when studying at an advanced level.’

Grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change

The courage to change the things I can
And the wisdom to ignore academic fashions.